In 1831, mathematician Richard Dedekind was born. According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Richard Dedekind “…was one of the greatest mathematicians of the nineteenth-century, as well as one of the most important contributors to number theory and algebra of all time.” Learn more at http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2011/entries/dedekind-foundations/.
In 1957, the Space Age began when Russia launched Sputnik I into Earth orbit. Sputnik I was the world’s first artificial satellite. It was about the size of a beach ball and weighed only 183.9 lbs. (83.6 kg.). It took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth. Learn more at http://history.nasa.gov/sputnik/. In 1979, Hewlett-Packard released […]
In 1995, Be introduced the BeBox. The BeBox featured two 66MHz PowerPC 603, up to 256MB RAM, 16-bit CD-quality sound and four serial ports. Despite advanced features in the BeBox operating system, it was unsuccessful mainly because it was not compatible with anything else in the computing industry. Learn more at http://www.old-computers.com/museum/computer.asp?st=1&c=1142.
In 1853, French astronomer and physicist François Jean Dominique Arago died. Arago originally supported the particle theory of light. In 1811, he conducted research along with Augustin-Jean Fresnel that changed his mind. They discovered that two beams of light polarized in perpendicular directions do not interfere. This discovery eventually developed into transverse theory of light […]
In 1982, Sony launched the first consumer compact disc (CD) player in Japan. The CDP-101 was available in the US the following March for $1,000. A review in Stereophile magazine stated …some aspects of the sound I heard are quite unlike what most of us are familiar with from analog sources. The most immediately noticeable […]
In 1882, the world’s first hydroelectric power plant began operation on the Fox River in Appleton, Wisconsin. Thomas Edison’s New York plant would use steam power to drive its generators whereas the Appleton plant used the natural energy of the Fox River. Learn more at http://www.americaslibrary.gov/jb/gilded/jb_gilded_hydro_1.html.
In 1983, Microsoft released a word processor called Word for MS-DOS 1.00. Microsoft provided a free demonstration copy with every copy of PC World magazine. It’s the first time that a magazine included a floppy disk. Learn more about Microsoft’s history at http://www.brighthub.com/computing/windows-platform/articles/45030.aspx. In 2008, NASA announced that the Mars probe, Phoenix, had detected snow […]
In 1925, Seymour Cray, “the Father of Supercomputing”, was born. Seymour Cray designed a series of computers that were the fastest in the world for decades. He also founded the company, Cray Research. Seymour Cray died on October 5, 1996. Learn more at http://www.computer.org/portal/web/awards/seymourbio.
In 1930, Alan Shugart, an important developer of disk drive technology, was born. The floppy disk drive was invented by IBM engineers led by Alan Shugart. In addition, in 1979, he cofounded Seagate Technology, the first company to make 5.25-inch hard disks. Alan Shugart died on December 12, 2006. Learn more at http://www.computerhistory.org/fellowawards/hall/bios/Alan,Shugart/.
In 1983, Cosmonauts Vladimir Titov and Gennady Strekalov were saved from an exploding Soyuz T-10 launch. Fuel spilled around the base of the rocket and caught fire at T-90 seconds. The control cables for the escape system had already burned and the Soyuz crew could not activate or control the escape system themselves. Twenty seconds […]
In 1956, TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable system, was inaugurated. Before TAT-1, voice was carried across the Atlantic on unreliable and expensive radio channels. TAT-1 operated until 1978. Learn more at http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:The_First_Submarine_Transatlantic_Telephone_Cable_System_(TAT-1),_1956.