In 1990 , the first Internet search engine, Archie, was launched.
Archie was an index of FTP archives created by by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Archie got its name from “archives”. It was shortened to Archie to fit the shortened naming conventions of the UNIX operating system.
the Gopher protocol, was announced by Paul Lindner and Mark P. McCahill of the University of Minnesota.
Gopher was a distributed document search and retrieval network protocol designed for the Internet which allowed server based text files to be hierarchically organized and easily viewed by end users who accessed the server using Gopher applications on remote computers.
Learn more at http://www.codeghost.com/gopher_history.html.