Geek Facts for September 10th – Archie and Gopher

In 1990
, the first Internet search engine, Archie, was launched.

Archie was an index of FTP archives created by by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. Archie got its name from “archives”. It was shortened to Archie to fit the shortened naming conventions of the UNIX operating system.

Learn more at

In 1991, 
the Gopher protocol, was announced by Paul Lindner and Mark P. McCahill of the University of Minnesota.

Gopher was a distributed document search and retrieval network protocol designed for the Internet which allowed server based text files to be hierarchically organized and easily viewed by end users who accessed the server using Gopher applications on remote computers.

Learn more at

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Judy Novotny

Judy is a computer veteran with 30 years of experience. She has owned everything from a TRS-80, Apple IIe and various Windows-based PCs. She is currently living in her Apple ecosystem at home consisting of an iPhone, iPad, iMac, MacBook, Apple TV, iPod nano and two Time Capsules. She is a fan of all things mobile since she got her first Palm Pilot in 1999. Check out her iPad app, Number Wizard, in the App Store. Follow her on Twitter @junovotech or at

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